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23Apr 2018

Titanium is the one of the closest things to a miracle metal found on earth. This silvery gray metal is stronger than steel (if you consider the strength-to-weight ratio). It resists corrosion and rust more effectively than platinum, which is a noble metal. Titanium is not impacted by weather or most environments and is even resistant to most chemical acids and bases. As a result, it is used to build ships, airplanes, trains, buses, and cars.

Who Discovered Titanium?

Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and given its name by Martin Klaproth in 1795. Fittingly, he named it after the primordial Greek gods, the Titans, because of its great strength. Titanium is flexible as well as very ductile, which means it can be drawn into thin wire. It is also malleable, so it is often hammered into thin sheets.

Titanium has an atomic number of 22, an atomic weight of 47.90 and a density that’s between aluminum and stainless steel. It can alloy with nearly every other element except for copper and aluminum, and it is most often used as an alloy in iron. It has a melting point of 3074 degrees Fahrenheit and a boiling point of 6395 degrees F.

Nearly every type of igneous rock, including granite, has some titanium. Igneous rocks are those formed in volcanoes. However, it is difficult to separate titanium from its ore, and it wasn’t until the 1930s that a refining method was developed that could produce large amounts of industrial titanium.

Putting Titanium to Use

Titanium’s first commercial use was as titanium dioxide to obviate the need to put white lead in paint. Now, titanium dioxide is used to make rubber, paper, porcelain enamels, and linoleum. Its use as a whitening agent in food products has become controversial. Some researchers believe that titanium dioxide found in foods and products such as toothpaste can exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease.

One of the most important uses of titanium is for prosthetics. Titanium posts are used for dental implants and anchors. Titanium is also used for:

  • artificial joints
  • heart valves
  • hearing aids
  • pacemakers
  • expandable rib cages and plates
  • mesh
  • devices used to heal broken bones

This is because titanium is biocompatible as well as corrosion-resistant. Titanium is also used for surgical tools such as forceps, needles and hemostats.

Besides being useful in industry, titanium can also be used for jewelry. Titania is made of titanium dioxide crystals, and some people believe it is even more brilliant than a diamond when it is cut and polished. It is a highly versatile metal that many industries depend on to create quality products.

At Avion Alloys, we are leading suppliers of titanium and other high-quality metals. We are a NASA and Lockheed Martin-approved vendor who understands the importance of on-time delivery and top product quality. Our long-term commitment with producers ensures availability of stock, continuity, and reliability. Call (800) 408-2329 for a free quote or contact us online to learn more about our services.

09Apr 2018
How Do Aluminum and Stainless Steel Differ_wide

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23Mar 2018
Some Interesting Facts About Magnesium

Magnesium is a crucial mineral for the body. It is very abundant in the human body and crucial to the healthy functioning of the system. Though this mineral is actually the fourth most present mineral in the body, many people lack sufficient levels of magnesium, which is why many people take magnesium as a supplement. Continue reading

09Mar 2018
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Gleaming, gorgeous metals (sometimes referred to as “exotic” metals), can be a great choice for special construction projects. Exotic metals are a class of metals that are sustainable as well as durable and high-performance. These metals include stainless steel, titanium, zinc alloy, copper, and nickel based alloys and terne coated stainless steel. These metals are usually used in construction applications that include trim elements (both exterior and exterior) roofing, and the creation of wall panels. Continue reading

23Feb 2018
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09Feb 2018
Glowing Carbon Steel

Carbon Steel is a metal used in many different industries, as it is affordable and has a wide range of properties that can be used in a variety of mechanical applications. This type of steel is 0.5 percent to 2.0 percent carbon with iron and trace levels of other metals in its composition. It’s important to choose the appropriate carbon steel grade for the needs of the project at hand. Here are some questions to consider when choosing a type of carbon steel. Continue reading

22Jan 2018

One of the most important qualities of a metal is its strength. The ways in which metals are used in industries like construction and auto manufacturing make the inherent strength of certain metals of huge importance. Metal alloys, which are the product of a combination of metals, have greater strength than metals in original form. Continue reading

08Jan 2018

Copper is a metal used in a wide range of industries, from the brass in musical instruments to the copper alloy siding used in the hulls of military ships. The many practical uses for this versatile metal make it an ever-present element in modern life, but its uses go back to ancient times. Continue reading

01Dec 2017

Those who have professional expertise in the airline industry know the very important role structural metals play in the construction of aircraft, particularly in the construction of airframes. This knowledge is key to the successful creation and maintenance of aircrafts, as any deviation from the specifically prescribed metals in the construction of aircraft pieces can lead to disaster. Continue reading